Spinal degeneration occurs as a natural part of the aging process and can cause areas of the vertebrae to weaken and become unstable and nerve roots to become pinched. When this occurs, the vertebrae can be healed (fused) together in order to restrict movement. This is called a spinal fusion, and it’s considered one of the most traditional forms of spinal surgery to help stabilize the back and reduce pain.

Get in touch with a back surgeon in Illinois to see if a spinal fusion is right for you.

Reasons for Spinal Fusion Surgery

More than 250,000 lower back, or lumbar, spinal fusion surgeries are performed annually in the United States to treat conditions involving back pain caused by spinal degeneration. Some of the conditions that may contribute to spinal degeneration include:

  • Spondylolisthesis – occurs when a vertebrae slips forward over the vertebrae below
  • Spinal fractures – occurs because of osteoporosis
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis – involves overgrown bone and tissue pressing on nerves in the spinal column
  • Degenerative disc disease – occurs because of the gradual wear and tear on spinal discs due to aging

The Spinal Fusion Procedure

During spinal fusion surgery, two or more adjacent spinal vertebrae are fused, or healed, together to restrict movement and decrease the pain caused by instability. The surgeon will typically use metal implants such as pedicle screws and rods that provide a source of bracing and support to immobilize the diseased vertebrae. Additionally, the surgeon will implant a substance called bone graft at the fusion site to help promote the growth of new bone, which fuses the vertebrae together.

For more advanced cases of spinal degeneration, the surgeon may need to implant an interbody device between the vertebrae. The interbody device provides a greater level of stability to the area as the spinal fusion takes hold. Interbody devices restore spacing between the vertebrae and serve as a holding chamber for a substance called bone graft that helps the body create new bone.

Contact Our Orthopaedic Surgeons | The Orthopaedic Institute of Southern Illinois

One of our orthopaedic surgeons in Illinois can help you determine if spinal fusion or another type of back and spine surgery is right for you. Contact us or call any of our locations below:

Back and Spine

Other Surgery Services

Additional surgery services we offer for back and spine issues.

Our Back and Spine Team

Providers specializing in this practice area.

Treatment Locations

Visit these facilities for back and spine care.

  • Orthopaedic Institute of Southern Illinois (OISI)

    Herrin, IL

  • Southern Illinois Orthopedic Center (SIOC)

    Herrin, IL

  • Deaconess Illinois: Heartland Regional

    Marion, IL

  • SIH – Herrin Hospital

    Herrin, IL

COVID-19 Precautions

We at Orthopaedic Institute of Southern Illinois are committed to continuing to provide the highest quality and safest orthopaedic care to the people of Southern Illinois.

In the interest of protecting our patients and employees, we have instituted the following procedures:

In following the CDC guidelines, while inside our facilities, all employees, patients, and visitors over the age of 2 will be required to wear a mask at all times when not actively eating or drinking.

With the exception of a single parent accompanying a minor or a designated caregiver accompanying an impaired adult, we will limiting the number of visitors accompanying patients to ensure safe social distancing wtihin our facilities. .

At this time, we will continue to provide full physician services in the office as well as physical and occupational therapy, imaging, pain management, and walkin clinic services for your immediate, acute orthopaedic needs.

We are working closely with our hospital partners for the continued provision of urgent and emergent orthopaedic care.

Please remember to stay calm, stay smart, and if you are feeling ill, stay home.

Thank you,
The Physicians and Staff of Orthopaedic Institute of Southern Illinois.