To determine which type of knee replacement is right for you, our doctors will conduct a thorough examination that includes x-rays, MRIs, strength and range-of-motion tests, your medical history and a series of questions. Get in touch with our knee replacement orthopaedic surgeons to see if it’s right for you.
Knee Replacement Surgery
The knee connects the upper leg bone to the lower leg bone. Cartilage covers the ends of both leg bones and the underside of the patella, or knee cap. When these surfaces are smooth, the joint glides easily and without pain. When diseased or damaged though, the joint can stiffen and be very painful.
A knee replacement is recommended for patients with arthritis and certain knee injuries or diseases that have not responded well to conservative treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications or cortisone injections. The replacement devices are designed to relieve pain caused by cartilage damage and usually last up to 20 years.
Total Knee Replacement
Total knee surgery removes the damaged and painful areas of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (lower leg bone). These areas are then replaced with specially designed metal and polyethylene plastic parts.
Mini-incision total knee arthroplasty, also called MIS TKA, is a type of knee replacement that is performed through an incision that is smaller than the incision used for traditional total knee replacement surgery. The MIS total knee procedure replaces the damaged and painful areas of the knee joint with metal and polyethylene plastic parts while also reducing blood loss and pain. Plus, the patient has a shorter recovery period.
Partial Knee Replacement (using OXFORD® implant)
Unlike total knee replacement surgery, this less invasive procedure replaces only the damaged or arthritic parts of the knee. The OXFORD® unicompartmental knee uses metal and plastic implants designed to potentially last longer and wear down less easily than traditional implants.
Other Knee Procedures Offered at The Orthopaedic Institute
- Revision Knee Surgery – This procedure replaces worn artificial knee parts and damaged bone with new metal and plastic components.
- Visco-supplementation for Arthritis of the Knee – This treatment can help reduce the pain of arthritis. Arthritis, also called osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis, involves the swelling and damage of the joints. It causes pain, stiffness and limited movement. Since knees are the primary weight-bearing joints in the body, they are most at risk for osteoarthritis. This nonsurgical procedure is an injection of a gel-like medication into the knee joint to supplement or replace the thick synovial fluid that cushions the joint.
Contact Our Orthopaedic Surgeons | The Orthopaedic Institute of Southern Illinois
Our orthopaedic surgeons offer comprehensive services for knee replacements so that you can get back to living your life free of pain.